THE SYNOPTIC PROBLEM

ARE THERE ERRORS IN THE BIBLE?
ARE THERE ERRORS IN THE GOSPELS?
IS THERE LITERARY DEPENDENCY IN THE GOSPELS?
COPYRIGHT NEIL CADMAN B Sc.(Arch.) B Arch. M.Rel.Ed.
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INHERENT REPETITION IN SPEECH


Two facts well-known to linguists for many years are that Ancient Greek orthography represented speech much more closely than does modern English orthography, or practically any other modern European orthography, and that speech, unlike writing, is full of hesitations, false starts, and meaningless expletive utterances which are not recorded in writing. For instance, In English, a typical spoken text might be:

  • Well, it’s the, umm... you know, the one that, uh, you got from the store across the street.

Of course, expletives can be inserted at many points during one speech utterance, and may be iterated at any of these points, as seen in above. In fact, sometimes so many expletives are used that the entire communicative function of speech fails. Consider this example taken from the Watergate tape transcripts submitted by the Nixon White House to the independent counsel. The conversants are discussing the advisabilityof paying hush money to the burglars.

  • NIXON: But then we’d have a problem with the...with the...
  • HALDEMAN: Umm, yeah, umm...
  • MITCHELL: Ahh, what, ah...what about...ah, the...?
  • NIXON: ...with the...with the...
  • DEAN: Only, the question is, you know, umm, how much...
  • MITCHELL: That is, if, that is, you know—
  • NIXON: ...with the...with the...
  • DEAN: ...I mean, um, how much...
  • HALDEMAN: Umm, yeah, um...
  • ERLICHMAN: What?
  • NIXON: Huh?
  • MITCHELL AND DEAN (SIMULTANEOUSLY): What?
  • HALDEMAN AND NIXON (SIMULTANEOUSLY): What?
  • ERLICHMAN: Huh?
  • NIXON AND MITCHELL (SIMULTANEOUSLY): (Expletive deleted)
  • DEAN: Oh.

Greek Particles

No word of God is without power